Comparative Carrier Vocabulary

The following table gives an indication of the nature of lexical variation among Carrier dialects. In addition to basic vocabulary, words that differ in interesting ways have been included.

Nouns listed with a leading hyphen are inalienably possessed. They cannot stand alone, but must be used with a possessive prefix unless they are part of a compound.

Some glosses are links. Selecting one of these brings up a general note on this gloss. Some Carrier words are also links. Selecting one of these brings up a note on a particular dialect.

Word/Dialect Nak'albun Lheidli Saik'uz Nadleh Stelakoh Tsetl'adak Lhtakoh Ndazko Lhoosk'uz Lhk'acho
ash lhiz lhez lhez lhez lhez lhez ? ? ? ?
bat 'ut'az liyab dut'ai t'az ? ? 'ut'az ? ? ? t'az
bear, black sus sus sus sus sus sus sus sus sus sus
grizzly bear shas shas shas shas shas shas ? ? ? shas
bird dut'ai dut'ai dut'ai ? dut'ai dut'ai ? ? ? ?
box chunkelh chunghelh chunkelh ? chunkhelh chunkelh ? honkwun ? chunkelh
child ts'oodun skui skui skui ski ski ski ? ? -ski
cloud kw'us kw'us kw'us kw'us kw'us kw'us ? ? ? kw'us
cottonwood ts'itel landooz landooz ? landooz landooz ? ? ? ?
Word/Dialect Nak'albun Lheidli Saik'uz Nadleh Stelakoh Tsetl'adak Lhtakoh Ndazko Lhoosk'uz Lhk'acho
cow musdoos musdus musdus musdus musdus musdus ? musdus musdus musdus
coyote chuntulhi tintulhi tintulhi chuntulhi ? chuntulhi ? chuntohlhi ? tintulhi
dog lhi lhi lhi lhi lhi lhi lhi lhi lhi lhi
egg khez khez khez khez khez khez ? ? ? ?
eulachon fish slelho ? slelhukw ? ? sbootih ? sbootih sbootih sbootih
eulachon oil sleghe ? sleghe sleghe ? tl'enaghe ? ? tl'inaghe tl'inaghe
eye -na -na -na -na -na -na ? ? ? -na
fingernail -lagi -lagui -lagui -lagi -lagi -lagi ? -lagi ? -lagi
fire kwun kwun kwun kwun kwun kwun ? ? ? kwun
fish lho lhukw lhukw lhukw lhukw lhook ? lhook lhook lhook
five (generic) kwulai' skwunlai skwunlai skwunlai skwunlai skwunlai ? skwunlai ? skoonlai
flesh -tsung -tsun -tsun -tsun -tsun -tsun ? -tsun -tsun -tsun
foot -ke -ke -ke -ke -ke -ke ? ? ? -ke
fork be'ooget beooduget be'ooget be'ooget ? luhooset ? ? ? be'ooduget
four dunghi dunghi dungi dink'i dink'i dink'i ? dink'ih ? dinge
grease khe khe khe khe khe khe khe khe khe khe
hair -gha -gha -gha -gha -gha -gha ? ? ? -gha
Word/Dialect Nak'albun Lheidli Saik'uz Nadleh Stelakoh Tsetl'adak Lhtakoh Ndazko Lhoosk'uz Lhk'acho
heart -dzi -dzi -dzi ? -dzi -dzi ? ? -dzi -dzi
horn -de -de -de ? -de -de -de -de -de -de
house yoh koo yoh yoh yah koo koo koo koo koo
I si si si si si si si si si si
island noo noo noo noo noo noo ? ? ? noo
it 'i 'i 'i 'i 'i 'i 'i 'i 'i 'i
knee -gwut -gwut -gwut ? -gwut -gwut ? ? ? -gwut
knife lhuztih tes tes ? 'utes tes ? ? 'utes 'utes
leaf -t'an -t'an -t'an ? -t'an -t'an ? ? ? -t'an
liver -zut -zut -zut ? -zut -zut ? ? ? -zut
louse ya ya ya ya ya ya ? ? ? ya
man dune dune dune dune dune dune dune dune dune dune
mink techus telhjoos telhjoos telhjoos ? telhjoos ? ? ? telhjoos
Word/Dialect Nak'albun Lheidli Saik'uz Nadleh Stelakoh Tsetl'adak Lhtakoh Ndazko Lhoosk'uz Lhk'acho
money sooniya sooniya sooniya soonuya soonuya chikamin ? ? soonuya soonuya
mountain dzulh dzulh dzulh dzulh dzulh dzulh ? ? ? dzulh
mouse 'ulhguk dats'ooz dats'ooz dats'ooz dats'ooz gagistl'ah ? ? ? gagistl'a
mouth -ze -zek -zek ? -zek -zek -zek ? ? -zek
mustard ts'oodunetsan skuitsan skuitsan ? skitsan skehtsan ? ? ? ?
nail lugloo lugloo lugloo ? lugloo ludloo ? ? ludloo ludloo
name -oozi' -oozi -oozi -oozi -oozi -oozi -oozi -oozi -oozi -oozi
now 'andit 'andit 'andit ? k'an k'an ? ? k'an k'an
one (generic) 'ilho lhuk'ui lhuk'ui 'ilhuk'ui 'ilhuk'i lhuk'i ? lhuk'i ? lhuk'i
packrat dlooncho looncho looncho dlimcho dlimcho dloomcho ? ? ? dlooncho
path ti ti ti ti ti ti ti ti ti ti
pig gugoos gugoos gugoos gugoos gugoos googoos ? goso ? goso
porcupine duch'ukw ts'it duch'ukw duch'ukw 'oojoonih yats'un ? ? ? jats'un
priest lubret nawhulnuk nawhulnuk ? nawhulnuk nawhulnuk ? ? nawhulnuk nawhulnuk
Word/Dialect Nak'albun Lheidli Saik'uz Nadleh Stelakoh Tsetl'adak Lhtakoh Ndazko Lhoosk'uz Lhk'acho
rabbit goh goh goh goh gah gah ? goh ? gah
rain chan chan chan chan chan chan ? ? ? ?
robin soh sewh sewh ? sooh sooh ? ? ? sooh
saliva -so -sekw -sekw ? -sekw -sekw -sekw ? ? ?
sand sai sai sai sai sai sai ? ? ? ?
skunk hoonliz hoonliz hoonliz hoonliz hoonliz hoonliz hoonliz hoonliz hoonliz hoonliz
smoke lhut lhut lhut lhut lhut lhut ? ? ? lhut
spoon kechub tsunts'alh tsunts'alh tsunts'alh tsunts'alh tsunts'alh ? ? ? tsunts'alh
squirrel tsaluk nats'ildelh nats'ildelh tsaluk tsaluk dluk ? ? ? dluk
star sum sum sum ? sum sum ? ? ? sum
Word/Dialect Nak'albun Lheidli Saik'uz Nadleh Stelakoh Tsetl'adak Lhtakoh Ndazko Lhoosk'uz Lhk'acho
stone tse tse tse tse tse tse tse ? ? tse
ten (generic) whunizyai lanezi lanezi lanezi lanezi lanezi ? lanezi ? lanezi
territory keyoh keyoh keyoh keyoh keyah keyah keyoh keyoh keyoh keyah
three ta tagih tagi tak'i taki tak'i ? tak'ih ? tak'i
trap gooh gwuih gwuih ? ? tsagooh ? ? ? tsagooh
tree duchun duchun duchun duchun duchun duchun ? duchun ? duchun
two (generic) nanki nankoh nankoh nanka nankut nankah ? nankoh ? nankoh
water too too too too too too too too too too
what? ndai/di di di ? dant'i dant'i ? ? ? dant'i
who? mbe mbe mbe ? mbe mbe ? ? ? ndan
woman ts'eke ts'eke ts'eke ts'eke ts'eke ts'ekoo ? ? ? ts'ekoo
you (1) nyun nyun nyun nyun nyun nyun ? ? ? ?
Word/Dialect Nak'albun Lheidli Saik'uz Nadleh Stelakoh Tsetl'adak Lhtakoh Ndazko Lhoosk'uz Lhk'acho

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